Source 1- Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Melchizedek is a priest-king who went to meet Abraham, and when he did so he, “presented him with bread and wine and blessed him in the name of, ‘God Most High’”(Pg. 921). Abraham gave him a 10th of everything. They both worshiped the same God, and Abraham recognized him as a priest. Melchizedek is looked at as a man in this source, who was a righteous and God-fearing. There is nothing known about his past or his family history.
Source 2- Traditions of the Bible
This book had a lot of information, as well as thoughts on who, or what, Melchizedek is. One point that Kugel made about Melchizedek being a priest, is when he is mentioned in Psalm 110:4, “you are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek”. The main tone of the chapter is that he is actually just a king, and a fair, and a just one at that, to receive the titles that he did. It has been concluded by some that, “Melchizedek had been Jerusalem’s fist king and founder. Indeed, if he was a “priest,” perhaps he had also founded some sort of sanctuary in Jerusalem.”
Source 3- The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture
One of the most interesting view that I found in this book was Melchizedek being a “priest forever”, which follows the idea that he is not a man, but something else. His name translates to “King of Righteousness” in Greek. Although “he was not even circumcised in his flesh, and yet he blesses Abraham, as if he were far better than he” (pg. 95). He was not appointed by anyone, nor does he have any historical linage, nor was he chosen by a human. There is no note of anything that Melchizedek did before he appeared before Abraham as if there was nothing to tell.
The source that I think makes the most sense is source one, although I also agree with source two. Source one was much more direct and clear in the opinions. I think that Melchizedek was not only a King and a priest but very good at both of these. The different meanings of his names further back that up. He was a man, who blessed Abraham and gave him wine, like in source one and two. It might e possible that he did found some sort of sanctuary in Jerusalem. This was a harder topic, mostly because there is such little known. It is clear that something important enough about Melchizedek for him to be talked about in the bible. There is nothing know about his history or his family. While looking up this topic I found so many different opinions, including the reason you don’t know about his history, is because his mother was a harlot.
Douglas, J.D., & Tenney, M. C. (2011). Day. In Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary (pp. 1193-1195-340).
Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
Kugel, James L. Traditions of the Bible. Harvard University Press, 1998. Digital file.
Heen, Erik M., Philip D.W. Krey, and Thomas C. Oden. The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture.